Sigmund Neumann (1904-1962)

Sigmund Neumann was an historian and political scientist who came from a well-known Jewish family from Leipzig. He studied in Heidelberg (1923/24), Grenoble (1925) and Leipzig (1925/27). After finishing his academic studies (Dr. Phil., 1927) he initially worked for a year in the University of Leipzig and then moved to the German Academy for Politics in Berlin. After the election of the National Socialist party in 1933, the German Academy for Politics was nationalized and his contract was not renewed. In 1933 he became a Rockefeller Fellow in the London School of Economics and in 1934 in the Wesleyan University in Middletown. Here he taught until his untimely death in 1962. In 1942 Neumann wrote the groundbreaking work "Permanent Revolution: The Total State in a World War" (2nd edition, 1963). Other important works written by him were "Die Parteien in der Weimar Republik" (The Parties in the Weimar Republic) and "The Future in Perspective". Since 1944 he served the Office of Strategic Services as an advisor for Central Europe. In 1949 Neumann took part in the important reconstruction of the Free University of Berlin and of the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich. The Law Faculty of Munich granted him with the honorific doctorate degree. Neumann always taught as a Guest Lecturer in these Universities. Despite of the war he was a Visiting Lecturer at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy as well as at the Harvard's Graduate School of Public Administration.
Differently from other emigrants, Sigmund Neumann was pretty much forgotten in Germany. The Sigmund-Newmann Institute for the Research of Freedom and Democracy is honored to be allowed to use his name. Neumann's family gladly agreed to the use of this nomenclature.



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